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上海教师招聘:英语形容词和副词考点精讲与提升(三)
发布时间:2019-06-12 16:21:13 作者:赵老师 热度:

【考点三】形容词、副词的基本用法

1.形容词作状语表示伴随或结果,并不表达动作的方式。

After the long journey,the three of them went back home,hungry and tired.

经过长时间旅行后,他们三个回到家,又饿又累。

2.有些副词还可以作连词,作副词时常放在句末。如:though,(ever) since,in case等

He is old. He works hard,though.

=Though he is old,he works hard.

虽然他年事已高,但他工作还是很努力。

3.有些副词置于句首可修饰全句,作评注性状语。如:obviously,naturally,surprisingly等

Fortunately,he was not drowned and was saved by the PLA.

幸运的是,他没被淹死,被解放军给救了。

Happily for her,her stepmother was kind to her.

高兴的是,她的继母对她很好。

4.can not/never 与enough 或too连用表示:无论怎样都不过分;越……越好。

—I was riding alone in the street and all of a sudden,a car cut in and knocked me down.

——我正在大街上独自一人骑自行车,突然一辆小汽车强行超车把我撞倒了。

—You can never be too careful in the street.

— —在大街上你越仔细越好。

【经典考题】

1. ________,she is the sort of woman to spread sunshine to people through her smile.

A.Shy and cautious

B.Sensitive and thoughtful

C.Honest and confident

D.Lighthearted and optimistic

解析: 句意为:她无忧无虑、积极乐观,是那种用微笑给别人带来快乐的人。本题考查形容词作伴随状语。shy and cautious 害羞的、小心的;sensitive and thoughtful 敏感的、多思的;honest and confident 诚实的、自信的。

答案: D

2. Jim went to answer the phone.________,Harry started to prepare lunch.

A.However

B.Nevertheless

C.Besides

D.Meanwhile

解析: 句意为:Jim 去接电话了。与此同时,Harry 开始做午饭。本题考查副词用法。A.然而;B.虽然如此;C.除此之外;D.与此同时。根据前后句逻辑关系,应选择表示并列关系的D。

答案: D

3. We only had $100 and that was ________ to buy a new computer.

A.nowhere near enough

B.near enough nowhere

C.enough near nowhere

D.near nowhere enough

解析: 句意为:我们只有100美元,离买台新电脑的钱还差得远呢。本题考查修饰词顺序。not anywhere near 或nowhere near:far from,not at all远非,绝不是,为固定短语。

答案: A

4. When it was his turn to deliver his speech,________,he walked towards the microphone.

A.nervously and embarrassingly

B.nervous and embarrassedly

C.nervously and embarrassing

D.nervous and embarrassed

解析: 该题考查形容词作状语。形容词一般作定语,但也可作状语。如:He lay in bed, awake.再如:Her husband came back, drunk.

答案: D

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